q Adobe PDF Version The Malleus Maleficarum (The Witch Hammer), first where the last gasp of the Inquisition was felt in the English. The Malleus Maleficarum PDF is provided as a free download for users of the Malleus Maleficarum web site. This is the English popular translation by Rev. The complete Malleus Maleficarum is available online at: Summers translated the Malleus Maleficarum into English, and wrote the. Introductions, Bibliography.
|Language:||English, Spanish, Indonesian|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Registration needed]|
1 There is another modern English translation in the form of P. G. Maxwell-Stuart, The Malleus. Maleficarum (Manchester and New York: Manchester University. The Malleus Maleficarum, usually translated as the Hammer of Witches, is the best known and (generally translated into English as The Hammer of Witches which destroyeth Witches and their heresy as with a two-edged sword). Full title. The Hammer of Witches: A Complete Translation of the Malleus Maleficarum Press have issued the English-language translation, together with a shorter.
Article Navigation. Close mobile search navigation Article navigation.
Malleus Maleficarum. The English Translation Malleus Maleficarum. The English Translation. Po-Chia Hsia. Oxford Academic.
Google Scholar. Cite Citation. Permissions Icon Permissions. Issue Section:. You do not currently have access to this article.
Download all figures. Sign in. You could not be signed in.
Sign In Forgot password? Don't have an account? Sign in via your Institution Sign in.
download Subscription prices and ordering Short-term Access To download short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above. This article is also available for rental through DeepDyve. View Metrics. Email alerts New issue alert.
Advance article alerts. Actually the Inquisition immediately rejected the legal procedures Kramer recommended and censured the inquisitor himself just a few years after the Malleus was published. Secular courts, not inquisitorial ones, resorted to the Malleus. Previously, those convicted of witchcraft typically suffered penalties no more harsh than public penances such as a day in the stocks ,  but their persecution became more brutal following the publication of the Malleus Maleficarum, as witchcraft became widely accepted as a real and dangerous phenomenon.
The Catholic Church played an important role in shaping of debate on demonology, but the discourse was not much affected by the Reformation. Martin Luther was also convinced about the reality and evil of witches, and facilitated development of Protestant demonology.
For the post-Enlightenment Christians, the disbelief was based on a belief in rationalism and empiricism. Hence, he has also caused a certain unusual heretical perversity to grow up in the land of the Lord — a Heresy, I say, of Sorceresses, since it is to be designated by the particular gender over which he is known to have power.
Therefore, it is not an endorsement of a specific final text of the Malleus. Instead, its inclusion implicitly legitimizes the handbook by providing general confirmation of the reality of witchcraft and full authority to Sprenger and Institoris in their preachings and proceedings:   And they shall also have full and entire liberty to propound and preach to the faithful Word of God, as often as it shall seem to them fitting and proper, in each and all of the parosh churches in the said provinces, and to do all things necessary and suitable under the aforesaid circumstances, and likewise freely and fully to carry them out.
Maximilian I] takes these Inquisitors under his complete protection, ordering and commanding each and every subject of the Roman Empire to render all favor and assistance to these Inquisitors and otherwise to act in the manner that is more fully contained and included in the letter.
Let all those who will read, see or hear the present public document know that in the year since the Birth of Our Lord , in the fifth indiction, on Saturday, the nineteenth day of May, at five in the afternoon or thereabouts, in the third year of the Pontificate of Our Lord, the Most Holy Father in Christ, Lord Innocent VIII, by Divine Providence Pope, in the presence of my notary public and of the witnesses written below who had been specifically summoned and asked for this purpose, the venerable and religious Brother Henricus Institoris, Professor of Holy Theology and member of the Order of Preachers , who was appointed as Inquisitor into Heretical Depravity by the Holy See along with his colleague, the venerable and religious Brother Jacobus Sprenger, also a Professor of Holy Theology and Prior of the Convent of Preachers in Cologne[ This was in fact done in the ways written below.
The difference is that four signatories of the first part testify that they have examined the treatises and endorse its text while in the second signing signatories do not assert that they have read the treatises but nonetheless express approval by explicitly restating some general propositions of the treatises and endorsing them instead.
It should be ensured that this treatise will become known to learned and zealous men, who will then, on the basis of it, provide various healthy and appropriate advice for the extermination of sorceresses [ Indeed, according to the pronouncements of the Holy Doctors it is necessary to admit that such acts can sometimes happen. Nonetheless, secrets that are heard at any time by inquisitors should not be revealed to everyone. The first section is aimed at clergy and tries to refute critics who deny the reality of witchcraft, thereby hindering its prosecution.
The second section describes the actual forms of witchcraft and its remedies. The third section is to assist judges confronting and combating witchcraft, and to aid the inquisitors by removing the burden from them. Each of the three sections has the prevailing themes of what is witchcraft and who is a witch. Section I [ edit ] Section I examines the concept of witchcraft theoretically, from the point of view of natural philosophy and theology.
Witches entered into a pact with Satan to allow them the power to perform harmful magical acts, thus establishing an essential link between witches and the Devil. The arguments are clearly laid for the lay magistrates prosecuting witches. The section offers a step-by-step guide to the conduct of a witch trial, from the method of initiating the process and assembling accusations, to the interrogation including torture of witnesses, and the formal charging of the accused.
The Malleus urges them to adopt torture, leading questions, the admission of denunciation as valid evidence, and other Inquisitorial practices to achieve swift results.
Moreover, the authors insist that the death penalty for convicted witches is the only sure remedy against witchcraft.
They maintain that the lesser penalty of banishment prescribed by Canon Episcopi for those convicted of harmful sorcery does not apply to the new breed of witches, whose unprecedented evil justifies capital punishment.
It was a standard mode of argumentation in scholastic discourse with a long tradition. The Malleus also mentions astrology and astronomy, which had recently been reintroduced to the West through the ancient works of Pythagoras.
The Malleus recommended not only torture but also deception in order to obtain confessions: "And when the implements of torture have been prepared, the judge, both in person and through other good men zealous in the faith, tries to persuade the prisoner to confess the truth freely; but, if he will not confess, he bid attendants make the prisoner fast to the strappado or some other implement of torture.
The attendants obey forthwith, yet with feigned agitation. Then, at the prayer of some of those present, the prisoner is loosed again and is taken aside and once more persuaded to confess, being led to believe that he will in that case not be put to death. But, if not even thus he can be brought into terror and to the truth, then the next day or the next but one is to be set for a continuation of the tortures — not a repetition, for it must not be repeated unless new evidences produced.
The judge must then address to the prisoners the following sentence: We, the judge, etc. The text argues that women are more susceptible to demonic temptations through the manifold weaknesses of their gender. It was believed that they were weaker in faith and more carnal than men. The reasons for this is the suggestion that women are "prone to believing and because the demon basically seeks to corrupt the faith, he assails them in particular.
The major reason is that at the foundation of sorcery is denial of faith and "woman, therefore, is evil as a result of nature because she doubts more quickly in the faith.
The most common form of male witch mentioned in the book is the sorcerer-archer. The book is rather unclear, but the impetus behind male witches seems to come more from desire for power than from disbelief or lust, as it claims is the case for female witches. Indeed, the very title of the Malleus Maleficarum is feminine, alluding to the idea that it was women who were the villains. Otherwise, it would be the Malleus Maleficorum the masculine form of the Latin noun maleficus or malefica, 'witch'.
In Latin, the feminine maleficarum would only be used for women, while the masculine maleficorum could be used for men alone or for both sexes if together.
It goes on to give accounts of witches committing these crimes. Arguments favoring discrimination against women are explicit in the handbook. Those arguments are not novel but constitute a selection from the long tradition of Western misogynist writings. However, according to Brauner, they are combined to produce new meanings and result in a comprehensive theory.
It mixes elements borrowed from Formicarius , Preceptorium divinae legis and Lectiones super ecclesiastes Everything exists in pairs of opposites: God and Satan, Mary and Eve, and men or virgins and women.